Director of SAPRO

Major General Jeffrey J. Snow

Major General Snow is the Director of the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO). SAPRO is the Department of Defense's single point of accountability and oversight for sexual assault policy matters and develops policy and programs that address the Department's sexual assault prevention, advocacy / victim assistance, and assessment efforts.

Prior to coming to SAPRO, Major General Snow was assigned as the Director of Strategy, Plans and Policy, Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff G3/5/7, Department of the Army.

Major General Snow was commissioned a Lieutenant of Infantry in 1983 after graduation from the United States Military Academy. His career spans more than 30 years of service and he has served in a variety of command and staff assignments in the United States, Germany, Kosovo, Kuwait, and Iraq.

Command assignments include B Company, 2d Battalion, 6th Infantry in Erlangen, Germany; 2nd Battalion 2nd Infantry in Vilseck, Germany as well as in Kosovo during Operation Joint Guardian; 1st Brigade, 10th Mountain Infantry at Fort Drum in New York as well as in Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom; and 20th Support Command (CBRNE) / JTF-WMD-Elimination at Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland.

Staff assignments include Company Executive Officer and Battalion S1/Adjutant in 2nd Battalion, 6th Infantry in Erlangen Germany; Company and Battalion Tactical Operations Officer, West Point, NY; Battalion Operations Officer, Chief of Operations, and Brigade Operations Officer in the 10th Mountain Division, Fort Drum, NY; Strategic Planner to the Army G3 in the Pentagon; Senior Task Force Observer Controller at the Training Center in Hohenfels, Germany; Executive Officer to the Commanding General, Third U.S. Army / Coalition Forces Land Component Command (CLFCC) stationed primarily in Kuwait; Director of the Iraq Army Training and Advisory Mission – Army and Director of Strategy, Plans and Assessments for USF-Iraq during Operation Iraqi Freedom / Operation New Dawn.

Major General Snow is a graduate of the Infantry Officer Basic Course, the Infantry Officer Advanced Course, Command and General Staff College, and the Army War College. He has Masters’ Degrees in Social Psychology and Strategic Studies. His awards and decorations include the Distinguished Service Medal with Oak Leaf Cluster (OLC), Defense Superior Service Medal with OLC, Legion of Merit with OLC, Bronze Star Medal with OLC, Meritorious Service Medal with 3 OLC, Joint Service Commendation Medal, Army Commendation Medal with 4 OLC, and Army Achievement Medal with OLC. He has also earned the Expert Infantry Badge, Combat Infantry Badge, Ranger Tab, Parachutist Badge, Army Staff Identification Badge, and Joint Staff Identification Badge.

Deputy Director

Colonel Alan R. Metzler

Colonel Alan R. Metzler is the Deputy Director of the DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO). SAPRO is the Department of Defense's single point of accountability for all sexual assault policy matters and reports to the Office of the Under Secretary of Defense for Personnel and Readiness. SAPRO develops policy and programs to improve prevention efforts, enhance victim support, increase system accountability, and collaborates closely with the Military Services and numerous outside organizations to fully implement those policies and programs.

Colonel Metzler is a career Security Forces officer and has served in a variety of command, operational, and staff duties. His operational experience includes command of an Air Expeditionary Group in Iraq and Kuwait, command of a Security Forces Squadron in Air Combat Command, and various positions in five operational wings. His staff tours include service on the National Security Council in the Executive Office of the President; in the Office of the Secretary of Defense where he served as the Military Assistant to the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Legislative Affairs; on the Air Staff, where he served as the Speechwriter to the Secretary of the Air Force and as the Chief of the Communications Team for the Secretary of the Air Force and the Chief of Staff; and as Chief of Security Forces for Air Combat Command.

Colonel Metzler was commissioned through the Air Force Officer Training School in 1987 after graduating with High Honors from the University of California, Santa Barbara. He is a graduate of the FBI National Academy, and is a distinguished graduate of the National War College and the Marine Corps Command and Staff College. Colonel Metzler has also completed the Air Force Enterprise Leadership Program at the Darden School of Business and the Senior Manager's Course in National Security at the Elliot School of International Affairs. He holds three Masters Degrees: National Security Strategy, Military Arts and Sciences, and Public Administration.

His awards include the Defense Superior Service Medal, Bronze Star Medal, Meritorious Service Medal with four oak leaf clusters, Air Force Commendation Medal with two oak leaf clusters, Joint Service Achievement Medal, Air Force Achievement Medal with one oak leaf cluster, National Defense Service Medal with device, Iraq Campaign Medal, Global War on Terrorism Service Medal, and Armed Forces Service Medal. His other achievements include Best in Air Force, Large Unit Award, RAF Upper Heyford, UK (1991); U.S. Marine Corps Warfighting Writing Award, Marine Corps University (2000); DoD's Best Installation Antiterrorism Award, Seymour Johnson AFB, NC; (2000); and Best in Air Force, Medium Unit Award, Seymour Johnson AFB, NC (2001).

Senior Executive Advisor

Dr. Nathan W. Galbreath, PH.D., M.F.S.

Dr. Nate Galbreath is the Senior Executive Advisor for the Department of Defense Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office (SAPRO). In this position, he is the Department’s Highly Qualified Expert for DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response (SAPR) programs, training initiatives, and research involving applications of behavioral health, forensic science, criminal investigation, and program evaluation. Dr. Galbreath reports directly to the SAPRO Director, who serves as the single point of authority, accountability, and oversight for the SAPR program in the Department of Defense.

Dr. Galbreath was assigned as the first military Deputy Director of the DoD Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Office from 2007 to 2009. He retired from active duty on October 1, 2009 and worked as a licensed clinical psychologist and forensic science specialist in independent practice in the Washington, DC metropolitan area. He was appointed to his current position at SAPRO in May 2012. He has been a primary author on the Department of Defense Annual Report on Sexual Assault in the Military since 2007.

He entered the Air Force in 1989 after completing a BA in Spanish and International Affairs at the University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, WA. He was assigned to Howard Air Force Base, Panama, from 1989 - 1990 as a Special Agent for the Air Force Office of Special Investigations (AFOSI). He went on to serve a total of 11 years with AFOSI as an agent, a forensic science specialist, and a Detachment Commander (Special Agent in Charge) at Air Force base offices in New Mexico, Colorado, and Utah.

Dr. Galbreath was competitively selected by the Air Force to earn a Master of Forensic Science from the George Washington University, Washington, DC (awarded in 1993), and a Ph.D. in Clinical Psychology, from the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences (USUHS), Bethesda, MD (awarded in 2004). He has also completed a number of internships and fellowships, including a fellowship in Forensic Medicine at the Office of the Armed Forces Medical Examiner, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Washington, DC, and a clinical psychology residency at Malcolm Grow Medical Center, Andrews Air Force Base, MD.

Dr. Galbreath's clinical experience focused on treating and researching sexual dysfunction and sexual disorders. He also evaluated and treated sex offenders with Dr. Fred S. Berlin at the National Institute for the Study, Prevention and Treatment of Sexual Trauma, which is affiliated with the Johns Hopkins Medical School in Baltimore, MD. He also served as the Behavioral Health Clinic director at Minot Air Force Base in North Dakota, where he supervised mental health, family advocacy, and alcohol/drug treatment programs from 2004 to 2007. He is currently a licensed psychologist in the state of Maryland.

Dr. Galbreath maintains close ties to the law enforcement community. He has provided training at national and international conferences hosted by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, the Norwegian Ministry of Defence, and other non-governmental organizations. He serves as a Professorial Lecturer in the Forensic Sciences at the George Washington University, where he created one of the nation’s first graduate level courses on child abuse investigations, teaches a graduate course on sexual assault investigations, and he is an adjunct associate professor in the Department of Medical and Clinical Psychology at USUHS. Dr. Galbreath has also published a book chapter on child molesters, co-authored a chapter on sexual disorders and the Internet, and co-authored journal articles relating to sex offender recidivism and online sexual problems.